Here you will find useful information about incubation, the correct hatching conditions, guideline values ​​and general tips and tricks.

Incubation is a centuries-old practice that has been refined over time, with much of the refinement credited to innovations from companies like Grumbach. Incubation is the process of hatching eggs in a controlled environment to facilitate the hatching of young animals. Grumbach incubators are known for their meticulous monitoring and precise control of environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, and ventilation. The primary purpose of incubation is to create a consistent and suitable environment for the embryo to develop into a healthy chick.

Understanding Embryonic Development

The development of the embryo inside the egg is a delicate process. Starting from fertilization, the embryo begins its growth journey. In the early days, vital organs form, and as days progress, features like beak, feathers, and claws start to develop. Maintaining optimal conditions ensures this developmental journey goes smoothly.

Significance of Incubation Period

The incubation period, the time it takes for an embryo to develop and hatch, varies by species. It's crucial to understand the specific incubation period for the species in question. For example, chicken eggs typically take about 21 days to hatch, while duck eggs might require 28 days. This timeframe is critical as it indicates how long the eggs need to be kept under controlled conditions.

State-of-the-Art Innovations in Incubation

Modern incubators, especially those from Grumbach, come with advanced features. These include automatic egg-turning mechanisms to ensure even embryo development, digital temperature and humidity controls for precision, and alarms that alert users to deviations from set parameters. These innovations have not only made the incubation process more efficient but also more successful.

Creating optimal conditions for incubation is crucial for hatch success. Key factors include:

  • Temperature: Ensuring a consistent and precise temperature.
  • Humidity: Maintaining eggs at optimal humidity levels to prevent drying out.
  • Ventilation: Providing a continuous supply of fresh air to the eggs.

Various factors can influence hatch success:

  • Age and quality of eggs: Fresh and high-quality eggs have higher hatch rates.
  • Egg storage: Eggs should not be stored for too long before incubation.
  • Egg positioning: Proper egg orientation in the incubator is essential.

Choosing an incubator is a critical consideration for any breeder, and Grumbach offers a wide range of options to ensure you select the right incubator for your needs. Here are some key considerations when choosing the perfect Grumbach incubator:

Hatcher vs. Intensive Care Unit

Grumbach offers different types of incubators, including hatchers and intensive care units. It's important to understand how these devices work and their purpose:

  • Hatcher: Hatchers are specifically designed to hatch already fertilized eggs and support chicks in the first hours after hatching. They provide optimal conditions for the hatching phase.
  • Intensive Care Unit: Intensive care units, also known as brooders, are used to provide optimal care for young animals in the first few weeks of life after hatching. They offer the necessary temperature, humidity, and ventilation to ensure chick growth and health.

Size and Capacity

Depending on your breeding requirements, you need to ensure that the chosen Grumbach incubator provides enough space. Overcrowding can negatively impact hatch success. The size of the incubator depends on the number of eggs you intend to hatch simultaneously. Grumbach offers incubators in various sizes and capacities, allowing you to choose the right option for your needs.

Automation and Control

Grumbach incubators are known for their modern technology. They often feature automated functions such as continuous egg turning and digital controls for temperature and humidity. These features enable precise and reliable incubation and make egg and chick care more manageable.

Species Considerations

Incubation requirements vary depending on the species. It's essential to know the specific conditions your animals require. Grumbach offers incubators tailored to the needs of various species, whether it's poultry, reptiles, or other birds.

By carefully considering these factors and making the right choice, you can ensure you get the perfect Grumbach incubator for your breeding requirements.

Here are guidelines for incubation temperatures and humidity levels for various bird species:


  • Chickens: Temperature: 99.5°F (37.5°C), Humidity: 50-55%
  • Ducks: Temperature: 99.5°F (37.5°C), Humidity: 55-60%
  • Geese: Temperature: 99.5°F (37.5°C), Humidity: 70-75%
  • Turkeys: Temperature: 99.5°F (37.5°C), Humidity: 55-60%

Exotic Birds:

  • Parrots: Temperature: 98.6-100.4°F (37-38°C), Humidity: 50-60%
  • Parakeets: Temperature: 98.6-100.4°F (37-38°C), Humidity: 50-60%


  • Canaries: Temperature: 99.5-100.4°F (37.5-38°C), Humidity: 50-55%
  • Finches: Temperature: 99.5-100.4°F (37.5-38°C), Humidity: 50-55%

Please note that these are guidelines, and actual conditions may vary depending on the environment and specific circumstances. They are meant as reference points.

  • Use a high-quality thermometer and hygrometer.
  • Place the incubator in a protected location.
  • Open the incubator as infrequently as possible.
  • Always use distilled water and regularly clean the equipment.